By Christoph J. Scriba, Peter Schreiber, Jana Schreiber

The current quantity offers a desirable evaluation of geometrical rules and perceptions from the earliest cultures to the mathematical and creative thoughts of the twentieth century. it's the English translation of the third variation of the well-received German ebook “5000 Jahre Geometrie,” during which geometry is gifted as a sequence of advancements in cultural background and their interplay with structure, the visible arts, philosophy, technology and engineering.

Geometry originated within the historic cultures alongside the Indus and Nile Rivers and in Mesopotamia, experiencing its first “Golden Age” in old Greece. encouraged by way of the Greek arithmetic, a brand new germ of geometry blossomed within the Islamic civilizations. during the Oriental impression on Spain, this data later unfold to Western Europe. right here, as a part of the medieval Quadrivium, the knowledge of geometry used to be deepened, resulting in a revival through the Renaissance. including parallel achievements in India, China, Japan and the traditional American cultures, the eu ways shaped the information and branches of geometry we all know within the sleek age: coordinate equipment, analytical geometry, descriptive and projective geometry within the seventeenth an 18th centuries, axiom platforms, geometry as a concept with a number of constructions and geometry in computing device sciences within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Each bankruptcy of the publication starts off with a desk of key ancient and cultural dates and ends with a precis of crucial contents of geometry within the respective period. Compelling examples invite the reader to extra discover the issues of geometry in historic and sleek times.

The booklet will attract mathematicians attracted to Geometry and to all readers with an curiosity in cultural history.

From letters to the authors for the German language edition

I desire it will get a translation, as there is not any similar work.

Prof. J. Grattan-Guinness (Middlesex collage London)

"Five Thousand Years of Geometry" - i feel it's the such a lot good-looking booklet i've got ever obvious from Springer and the inclusion of such a lot of colour plates quite improves its visual appeal dramatically!

Prof. J.W. Dauben (City college of latest York)

An first-class publication in each admire. The authors have effectively mixed the heritage of geometry with the final improvement of tradition and background. …

The photograph layout is additionally excellent.

Prof. Z. Nádenik (Czech Technical college in Prague)

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Extra info for 5000 Years of Geometry: Mathematics in History and Culture

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1 p. ). He developed his theory of irrationality based on an ambition to extend the notion of ratio to include irrational ones. His second great accomplishment was developing the method of exhaustion (Euclid, ‘Elements’, Book XII), the basis for determining the capacity of curved areas and volumes, which was expertly applied by Archimedes one century after Euclid. The Pythagoreans’ basic assumption that all numbers are composed of one unit that, as such, is indivisible, enabled them to develop an elementary theory of proportions.

1000 BC ∼900 BC 8th –6th century BC Approx. 600 – approx 450 490 490–448 Approx. 450–300 462–429 431–404 387 From 338 335 334–323 311 Approx. 0 Introduction Generally speaking, the Greeks are accepted to be the founders of the natural sciences, in other words, of rational explanations of natural phenomena based on principles and systems. At the same time, it was they who systemised and accounted for rules and instructions passed on (partially by the Oriental cultures) for counting, measuring and solving equations by means of a selfdeveloped logic.

However, findings of the following centuries, in which Mesopotamia experienced a lot of political turmoil (Assyrian and Chaldean reign, rule of the Hittites), show that after the initial development of mathematics hardly anything changed for a long time. The next advancements occurred in the period of the Seleucids (the last pre-Christian centuries), especially in astronomy, since just as in Egypt, Mesopotamian mathematics was applied practically and developed within this context: economy, trade, building industry and sky observations led to mathematical considerations, which reached a higher peak than in Egypt.

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