By David Chandler
From precedent days, Europe has been formed and re-shaped by way of army campaigns concerning greater than 2000 battles. With the aid of a staff of members, David Chandler has assembled a entire advisor to 245 battlefields, giving simple evidence relating to place, old context and the target of every engagement, info of the opposing forces, casualties and final result, and an invaluable bibliography bearing on each one.
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Extra info for A Guide to the Battlefields of Europe
The armour was then to drive through, heading due west without a pause straight for the Meuse. Strongly held villages and defensive positions were to be by-passed. The plan included two further novel features: the dropping of a parachute unit to block the roads north of the Ardennes; and Skorzeny's force, equipped with captured American vehicles and including English-speaking volunteers in American uniform, which was to pass through the advance guards and seize the Meuse bridges. The preparations were carried out in extreme secrecy.
158,000. Casualties: (a) 32,000 French. (4) 40,000 Austrians. Result: A French victory, eventually leading to the Peace of Vienna. Suggested reading: See Aspern-Essling, p. 1. General Work: Chandler, D. , Dictionary of the Napoleonic Wars, London, 1969. ), a n d h a d to withdraw from the north b a n k of the D a n u b e , which was a blow to his prestige. After this check, however, Napoleon spent 6 weeks m a k i n g Lobau island in the D a n u b e an impregnable base of operations, building 3 bridges to the south bank from it a n d 4 bridges to the north.
It appeared as if the Germans must be successful when there occurred what came to be known as the 'Miracle of the Marne'. Winston Churchill says of it: 'One must suppose upon the whole that the Marne was the 25 greatest battle ever fought in the world . . b u t it was less like a n y other battle ever fought. ' To begin w i t h t h e Russians h a d mobilised quicker t h a n h a d been expected, a n d , to relieve the pressure on France, h a d invaded East Prussia. T h e Germans withdrew two corps from their right wing in the west to meet this danger, a n d thus weakened their forces at a critical m o m e n t .