By B. Collins

This name matters mans touch with the animal international: sacrifice, sacred animals, vitamin, and domestication. Chapters on paintings, literature, faith and animal husbandry show an image of the complicated relationships among the peoples of the traditional close to East and (their) animals.
A reference advisor and key to the menagerie of the traditional close to East, with considerable unique illustrations.

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The popular perception that camels can store water is untrue. No water is present in the camel that does not fulfill some physiological function, and hump fat cannot be called upon as a reserve since the water produced through its metabolic breakdown is insufficient to compensate for the loss of moisture through respiration that brings in the required oxygen to fuel the process. Camels cannot therefore be said to store water, but they do store heat. A camel's skin contains small, deeply embedded sweat glands, yet sweating is minimized and water conserved by permitting body temperature to rise higher than most other species can endure.

Energy production gradually metabolizes the fat, and without continued nourishment, the humps slowly decrease in size. Those of the dromedary shrink under an elastic skin covering, whereas those of the bactrian flop as if deflated. The special tolerance of the camel—especially the dromedary—for the hostile desert environment is the product of several evolutionary modifications (Schmidt-Nielsen 1979). Wide and softly padded feet spread the animal's weight, facilitating passage over shifting sands, but when raging winds blow those sands into stinging, airborne pellets, camels can still see through closed, semi-translucent eyelids, while their nostrils narrow to tiny slits.

Hyraxes, also called dassies or coneys, are small, tailless mammals of the Order Hyracoidea that form populous colonies in arid, rocky terrain, where niches and crevices provide protection from predators and inclement weather. They forage on a wide range of plants, including some that are toxic to other animals. Colonies are ruled by a single territorial male, who, as the watchful guardian of the group, can communicate with his charges using at least twenty-one different vocalizations. The artificial colonies of Yemen apparently did not adapt well to their commensal habitat and all reportedly died.

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