By Dawn-Marie Gibson
The liberate of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's broad archive of surveillance documents, interviews, and firsthand debts has made it attainable to bare the reality at the back of the myths and misperceptions in regards to the state of Islam. This finished source catalogues the days, areas, and folks that formed the philosophies from its early life via to its current incarnation.
The definitive resource at the topic, A heritage of The kingdom of Islam: Race, Islam, and the hunt for Freedom attracts on over a dozen interviews, besides archival and rarely-used assets. The e-book departs from the standard "Malcolm X-centric" therapy of the topic, and as a substitute examines the early management of Fard Muhammad, demanding situations traditional perspectives on Malcolm X, and explores the current day inner politics of the circulation put up Louis Farrakhan's retirement.
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Additional resources for A History of the Nation of Islam: Race, Islam, and the Quest for Freedom
So, during that time, I was more or less just hustling . . during those years none of us had any money. 17 Fard Muhammad turned to peddling pseudo-Islam on a full-time basis once he had gathered a larger and regular following. D. Fard and I came from the Holy City of Mecca. More about myself I will not tell you yet, for the time has not yet come. I am your brother. 19 Fard’s attempt to convince his followers that carrying their former slave masters’ surnames symbolized their continued enslavement played to the estrangement and isolation that they had experienced in Detroit.
The files provided researchers with an abundance of new material to explore the origins of the NOI, its maturity, and the nature of its internal politics. The declassification of the FBI’s extensive file via the extension of the FOIA provided fresh insight into the actual identity and arcane character of the NOI’s founder. The FBI carried out extensive research on the origins of the NOI’s founder with the aim of exposing him as a racketeer and discrediting his quasi-Islamic group: If any further record of, or information concerning Dodd or Ford is located, it should be thoroughly and imaginatively pursued to its logical conclusion from all available records and/or possible witnesses.
In some small measure Fard had been preparing his followers for his eventual exit for some time. At the outset of 1933, for example, he receded into the background of the NOI and made few appearances to his followers. Prior to his mysterious exit from the Nation in 1933, Fard had trained a number of ministerial subordinates, the most significant of whom became Elijah Poole. Like many of Fard’s recruits, Poole was a recent migrant from Sandersville, Georgia. 30 Poole, however, was not spared the worst effects of the Depression, and from 1929 to 1931 he and his young family existed on welfare.