By K K Goswami

This booklet offers an outline of the advancements and ideas inside of this region, masking the manufacture of many differing types of carpet. It starts by means of discussing the different sorts and standards of carpets, besides the constitution and homes of the carpet fibers and yarns which are used. The ebook then explores fresh advancements within the manufacture of carpets. themes comprise the advances in carpet weaving and the aid of static in carpets. The e-book additionally examines a range of carpet kinds, together with wool carpets, cloth activities surfaces and hand-crafted carpets. Review.a nice source to these within the carpet industry., foreign cloth and clothing organization concerning the AuthorIndian Institute of Carpet expertise, India [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]

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Wool is a complex fibre that has evolved over thousands of years with the sheep who produce it, to protect them over a wide range of climatic conditions. Wool grows from follicles in the sheep's skin (Fig. 3), in the same way that hair grows on human skin, and like human hair, wool is also made from the protein keratin, but there the likeness ends. In cross-section, wool fibre consists of a two-part outer layer (cuticle) and an absorbent core (cortex). The cuticle regulates wool's dual ability to repel liquid, yet absorb moisture vapour.

This method of production lacks flexibility and is not used in the carpet industry. · Single-step process: in this process, spinning, drawing and texturing are done in one machine. This particular method is more suitable for production of standard yarn types in large quantities. · Two-step process: spinning and winding are done in first step and drawing and texturing in the second step. This is the most flexible amongst all the three methods which allows production of various yarn types. BCF single-step process In the single-step process, the polymer chips are fed into the extruder through a dryer and then pass a pump and filtration unit before entering into the spinning assembly.

0% and for pale colours even lower levels are desirable. Yarns spun with the aid of water-soluble fibre processing aids may be removed in the rinsing associated with yarn dyeing, piece dyeing or printing, but many firms prefer to scour yarns spun with such products in order to remove dirt and reduce the residues or wool grease © 2009 Woodhead Publishing Limited Structure and properties of carpet fibres and yarns 39 especially if the original blend contained components which had not been thoroughly scoured.

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