By Anthony P. Russell, Aaron M. Bauer

Amphibians & reptiles (herpetofauna) are an important yet a lot overlooked element of the usual economic climate of the province of Alberta. This moment version, which keeps either as a box advisor & a entire common heritage, builds at the strengths of the 1st, with a richly illustrated textual content, & color images of the species taken by means of popular flora and fauna photographer, Dr Wayne Lynch. The award-winning first variation got acceptance within the Emerald Awards for Environmental Excellence. This moment variation has been completely revised & up to date. Nomenclature has been replaced to mirror present pondering within the box. New photos were extra, & maps & illustrations were up-to-date.

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Spadefoots breed in pools that form after heavy rains, or in slow streams, reservoirs or irrigation ditches. The developmental stages are very rapid, as the eggs are often deposited in bodies of water that are only transient. Dry periods are spent in burrows either constructed by other animals or by themselves. When burrowing, spadefoots back into the ground. The family Hylidae is also represented by only a single species in Alberta. The hylids are a large family of slim-waisted, longlegged frogs mostly of small size.

Representatives of many other lizard families, on the other hand, have partially or wholly forsaken limbs, usually in association with a burrowing lifestyle. Such forms move in a serpentine fashion, sending waves down the length of the body and pushing against the substrate with their ventral and lateral scales. Examples of these types can be found in the families Pygopodidae, Dibamidae, Anniellidae, Scincidae, Gymnophthalmidae, Anguidae and the gerrhosaurs among the Cordylidae. Another group, the amphisbaenians, are also chiefly limbless.

When aroused, it hisses loudly and sometimes flattens its head and vibrates its tail. This behaviour, along with the diamond-shaped markings, causes these snakes to be mistaken for rattlesnakes. The western hog-nosed snake, Heterodon nasicus, is a heavy bodied, blotched snake with a broad neck and upturned snout, which it uses in digging. This species frequents sandy or gravelly prairies, farmlands, and flood plains of rivers. In the extreme western part of its range, it occurs in semi-desert habitats and occasionally in mountain canyon bottoms.

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