By Janos Kornai, Susan Rose-Ackerman
Bringing jointly a best flight set of members, this ebook considers the issues and customers for growing reliable and trustworthy public associations because the transition from socialism in critical and japanese Europe. the focal point is on "second new release" problems with democratic consolidation in states the place the fundamental constructions of the industry and the country were tested. The individuals bring up vital matters, comparable to corruption and participation, mostly ignored throughout the first degree of the transition and which are of starting to be significance as numerous international locations within the area circulation towards access into the eu Union. Highlighting difficulties and customers of democratization with comparative import to different newly democratizing components, this quantity attracts at the event of these who've lived via and studied the transition and contrasts their insights with these of generalist students who examine executive responsibility and democracy.
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Extra resources for Building a Trustworthy State in Post-Socialist Transition (Political Evolution and Institutional Change)
This process does not always work effectively either because the groups have not been created or are not representative. The government has little incentive to strengthen the voluntary sector, and the sector itself is 24 Susan Rose-Ackerman full of small organizations without any coordinating mechanisms. 35 Some claim that the focus should be on strengthening political parties, not overcoming the problems listed earlier. However, political parties, even the multiple parties produced by a proportional representation system, are not a good substitute for independent civil society organizations.
446, 449–50). Public Participation 15 The constitution gives citizens the right to obtain information from the state without having to show that their individual rights have been violated (Article 61). However, until recently, there was no general statute implementing this freedom-of-information provision. In September 2001, an Act on Access to Public Information was adopted (nr. 112, position 1198, minor amendments in 2002). Some claim that the Act is weak and inadequate, and others argue that the Act is stronger than the main alternative draft.
Interview with Irena Wóycicka, Institute for Research on the Market Economy,Warsaw, and advisor and then deputy minister at the Polish Ministry of Labor, 1989–94, 1997–2001, December 2002; Galligan et al. (1998: 451–2, 458). 13. Irena Wóycicka estimated that union membership is about 20% of the workforce and is falling. Earlier estimates of trade union membership place it at 30–40% of the workforce, but the difference may simply represent a trend over time (Karatnycky et al. 1997: 181, 283). In contrast, in Sweden where tripartite groups have a long history, labor union membership is over 85% of the workforce; see Rothstein (1998).