By Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels
Volume, 30 includes the start of the commercial Manuscript of 1861-63, includes: "Transformation of cash into Capital", "Absolute Surplus Value", "Relative Surplus Value", and the start of the "Theories of Surplus Value".
Marx/Engels gathered Works (MECW) is the biggest selection of translations into English of the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It comprises all works released by way of Marx and Engels of their lifetimes and various unpublished manuscripts and letters. The amassed Works, which used to be translated by means of Richard Dixon and others, involves 50 volumes. It was once compiled and revealed among 1975 and 2005 by means of growth Publishers (Moscow) in collaboration with Lawrence and Wishart (London) and overseas Publishers (New York).
The amassed Works comprises fabric written by way of Marx among 1835 and his dying in 1883, and by way of Engels among 1838 and his dying in 1895. The early volumes comprise juvenilia, together with correspondence among Marx and his father, Marx's poetry, and letters from Engels to his sister. numerous volumes acquire the pair's articles for the Neue Rheinische Zeitung.
Other volumes within the accumulated Works include recognized works of Marx and Engels, together with The Communist Manifesto, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon, and Capital, lesser-known works, and formerly unpublished or untranslated manuscripts. The gathered Works comprises thirteen volumes of correspondence by way of the mature Marx and Engels, protecting the interval from 1844 via 1895.
Although the accumulated Works is the main whole choice of the paintings by means of Marx and Engels released to this point in English, it isn't their whole works. A venture to submit the pair's entire works in German is anticipated to require greater than a hundred and twenty volumes.
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Extra info for Collected Works, Volume 30: Marx 1861-63
This is a method of taking away from this buyer, who is a consumer without being a producer, by way of trade a part of the sum of value of 100 thalers that originally belonged to me. If he takes 100 thalers a year from me and I sell him commodities valued at 90 thalers similarly for 100 every year, I admittedly gain 10 thalers a year from him, but only because I lose 100 thalers a year to him. e. the number of transactions in which I can sell him 90 thalers' worth of commodities for 100, depends precisely on the number of times he takes 100 thalers from me without giving any equivalent whatever.
Has posited a value of 150. But in fact the same amount is present after the transaction as before it: 100s. in A's possession, 150s. in B's, commodities to the value of 150s. in C's. Summa summarum*: 400s. Originally there were present: commodities to the value of 150s. in A's possession, 100s. in B's, 150s. in C's. Summa summarum: 400s. No further change has taken place except the change in the distribution of the 400s. between A, B and C. 50s. have travelled from A's pocket to B's, and A has become poorer precisely to the extent that B has been enriched.
For whatever the productivity of labour, at a given 20 The Production Process of Capital stage of production a higher exchange value is always represented by a larger mass of use values than a smaller. 10 [1-6] [1-14] u In order to develop the concept of capital we must begin to not with labour but with value, or, more precisely, with the exchange value already developed in the movement of circulation. It is just as impossible to pass directly from labour to capital from the different races of men directly to the banker, or from nature to the steam-engine.