By Scott P. Carroll, Charles W. Fox

The most aim of this ebook is to inspire and formalize the infusion of evolutionary considering into mainstream conservation biology. It studies the evolutionary foundations of conservation concerns, and unifies conceptual and empirical advances in evolutionary conservation biology. The e-book can be utilized both as a chief textbook or as a supplementary interpreting in a sophisticated undergraduate or graduate point path - more likely to be referred to as Conservation Biology or occasionally Evolutionary Ecology. the focal point of chapters is on present ideas in evolution as they pertain to conservation, and the empirical examine of those innovations. The balanced therapy avoids exhaustive reports and overlapping duplication one of the chapters. Little heritage in genetics is thought of the reader.

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Kristensen and colleagues (2006) as well as Swindell (2006) provide outstanding examples of how to apply modern molecular methods to estimate the number of genes promoting stress resistance and their interactions. Kristensen, T. , P. Sørensen, K. S. Pedersen, M. Kruhøffer, & V. Loeschcke. 2006. Inbreeding by environmental interactions affect gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 173: 1329–1336. 34 Population Structure and Genetics of Threatened Taxa Shaffer, M. L. 1981. Minimum population sizes for species conservation.

The graph suggests that demographic and environmental stochasticity are equal when N ∼ 10, that environmental variation is 10 times as large at N ∼ 150, and is 100 times as large at N ∼ 10, 000. These time series were selected from the Population Dynamics Database (Natural Environment Research Council, 1999) on the basis of their quality and the length of the census period (see Reed & Hobbs, 2004), but the observations still contain error variance that will inflate total temporal variation slightly and decrease the relative importance of demographic stochasticity.

2004). Both studies found or suggest that genes conferring resistance to parasitism or starvation have negative effects on other aspects of 31 fitness. Such trade-offs are commonly reported in the literature (see, for example, Luong & Polak, 2007). Knowledge of whether evolution is unable to overcome such trade-offs and just how ubiquitous such trade-offs are among species, will help in understanding the persistence of populations during times of extreme stress. CASE STUDY—ENVIRONMENTAL AND GENETIC CONTRIBUTIONS TO EXTINCTION The seminal work examining multiple factors affecting extinction risk is still that of Saccheri and colleagues (1998).

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