By Wojciech Pisula

The aim of the booklet is to bring a serious evaluation of the literature and author's examine information appropriate for knowing the phenomena of interest, info looking habit, and novelty looking. The booklet is designed to be a finished and systematic lecture of parts with regards to the most topic in a fashion that would allow the reader to understand the thought of improvement when it comes to the evolutionary time scale and ontogenesis. all of the topics is defined at the foundation of 3 views: final components, integrative degrees, and aroximate mechanisms. This paintings is meant to combine techniques followed inside psychology, ethology, and behavioral neuroscience.

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Additional resources for Curiosity and Information Seeking in Animal and Human Behavior

Example text

As ants of the genus Messor do not possess a functional sting, stinging-like behavior directed by these ants to seeds was labeled by Godzińska et al. (1997) by the term “pseudostinging behavior”. Moreover, excitement induced in worker ants (Messor bouvieri ) in response to novelty is not “blind”. In the tests in which the ants had to respond simultaneously to objects already familiar to them and to novel objects, presence of novel objects triggering numerous pseudostinging responses did not lead to enhancement of the frequency of pseudostinging directed to familiar objects, even if they were placed in very close vicinity of the novel objects.

S. M. Siviy, K. A. Harrison and I. S. McGregor (2006) studied the effect of exposure to the smell of a predator on play in young rats. They found that exposure to the smell of a cat had a strong inhibiting effect on play. As obvious as it may seem, the result demonstrates how easy it is to switch off the motivation for play and how dependent this motivation is on fear. These new data again confirm the validity of G. Bally’s observation that play and exploration emerge in a “field devoid of tension” (in: K.

The concept of control implies, on the other hand, that the organization of behavioral activity has a hierarchical structure. There is a level or object or function which is controlled by another one, and simultaneously the same level or object or function controls another one. The idea of hierarchically organized behavior dates back to N. Tinbergen’s theory of instinct (Tinbergen, 1951). The fully developed version of this theory was presented by K. 4. 4. The graphical presentation of hierarchical model of behavior regulation within ethological framework.

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