By Born, Hans Born, Marina Caparini
Read Online or Download Democratic Control of Intelligence Services PDF
Similar intelligence & espionage books
This monograph assesses the effectiveness of DoD's Readiness and Environmental safeguard Initiative to assist checking out and coaching installations take care of encroachment from sprawl and different resources. The authors determine the most reasons of encroachment; element the advantages, either to the army and native groups, of buffering components close to installations with REPI initiatives; and supply thoughts for the way to enhance REPI's effectiveness.
It is a research of the British army intelligence operations through the Crimean warfare. It information the beginnings of the intelligence operations end result of the British Commander, Lord Raglan's, desire for info at the enemy, and strains the following improvement of the process.
- On the Ethics of War and Terrorism
- British Clandestine Activities in Romania during the Second World War
- Operation Elite
- See No Sharia: ’Countering Violent Extremism’ and the Disarming of America’s First Line of Defense
Additional resources for Democratic Control of Intelligence Services
The ombudsman is an independent official who investigates on behalf of the complainant, usually focusing on procedural and administrative failings rather than legal matters, and who usually ends with a recommendation to resolve the problem rather than a binding remedy (Born and Leigh, 2005, p. 105). Another type of independent oversight body is the national audit office, which is independent of the three branches of government in many countries but reports to parliament. An effective audit office is responsible not only for financial audits – auditing the accounts of all public agencies to ensure that expenditures were in compliance with law, but also performance audits of specific project, to determine that funds were spent in an effective and efficient manner (Born and Leigh, 2005, pp.
Nevertheless, the values and norms which are fundamental to democratic systems require that intelligence agencies are accountable and subject to internal control and external oversight. The degrees to which these are achievable in practice remain moot, and subject to considerable variety in interpretation and Controlling and Overseeing Intelligence Services in Democratic States 23 implementation, but the principles must be upheld and enshrined as core values in any society that considers itself a liberal democracy.
When supporting a repressive regime through ‘political policing’, these services are frequently involved in human rights abuses, pervasive surveillance and harassment of citizens, extra-legal detention, torture, and extralegal executions. How should new democracies deal with those who had committed human rights abuses under the prior regime, while still enabling the service to fulfil its function of providing security intelligence? This may require dismantling the intelligence agency in question, yet at the same time the new regime will need to protect its legitimate security interests.