By Robert Spencer

Are jihadists death for a fiction? every little thing you suggestion you knew approximately Islam is set to change.

Did Muhammad exist?

It is a query that few have thought—or dared—to ask. almost each person, Muslim and non-Muslim alike, takes without any consideration that the prophet of Islam lived and led in seventh-century Arabia.

But this extensively authorised tale starts off to collapse on shut exam, as Robert Spencer indicates in his eye-opening new book.

In his blockbuster bestseller The fact approximately Muhammad, Spencer published the surprising contents of the earliest Islamic biographical fabric in regards to the prophet of Islam. Now, in Did Muhammad Exist?, he uncovers that material's strangely shaky ancient foundations. Spencer meticulously examines old files, archaeological findings, and pioneering new scholarship to reconstruct what we will learn about Muhammad, the Qur'an, and the early days of Islam. The facts he provides demanding situations the main primary assumptions approximately Islam's origins.

Did Muhammad Exist? reveals:
• How the earliest biographical fabric approximately Muhammad dates from at the least a hundred twenty five years after his pronounced death
• How six many years handed ahead of the Arabian conquerors—or the folk they conquered—even pointed out Muhammad, the Qur'an, or Islam
• The startling proof that the Qur'an used to be comprised of present materials—including pre-Islamic Christian texts
• How even Muslim students recognize that numerous reviews of Muhammad's deeds have been fabricated
• Why a well-known mosque inscription may well refer to not Muhammad yet, astonishingly, to Jesus
• How the oldest documents touching on a guy named Muhammad undergo little resemblance to the now-standard Islamic account of the lifetime of the prophet
• the various symptoms that Arabian leaders shaped Islam for political reasons

Far from an anti-Islamic polemic, Did Muhammad Exist? is a sober yet unflinching examine the origins of 1 of the world's significant religions. whereas Judaism and Christianity were subjected to looking ancient feedback for greater than centuries, Islam hasn't ever bought a similar remedy on any major scale.

The genuine tale of Muhammad and early Islam has lengthy remained within the shadows. Robert Spencer brings it into the sunshine in the end.

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Extra resources for Did Muhammad Exist?: An Inquiry into Islam's Obscure Origins

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Sami'a llâhu liman hamidah rabbanâ wa laka-l-hamd. Allah hört den, der Ihn preist. Unser Herr, Lob sei Dir. 1. Subhana rabbiyal a'la (3 mal wiederholt) Preis sei meinem Herrn, dem Allerhöchsten. 8. At-tahiyyatu li-llahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibat as-salamu alaika ayyuhân-nabiyyu wa rahmatu-llâhi wa barakâtuh assalâmu alainâ wa âlâ ibâdi-llâhis-sâlihîn asch-hadu an la ilâha illâ-llâh wa asch-hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasûluh. Ehre sei Allah und Anbetung und Heiligkeit. Friede sei mit Dir o Prophet und der Segen Allahs und Seine Gnade.

B. Schafböcke oder Ziegen. a. nicht erlaubt, ein Opfertier, das schwach ist und deswegen nicht bis zum Schlachtort laufen kann oder dessen Augen blind sind oder das keine Ohren hat, zu schlachten. Darüber hinaus sind auch hygienische Standards zu beachten. Die Eingeweide der geschlachteten Tiere dürfen nach der Schlachtung nicht auf der Straße liegen gelassen werden. Es dürfen nicht mehrere Tiere gleichzeitig geschlachtet werden, sondern nur hintereinander. Die Messer müssen geschärft sein und die Schlachtung muss schnell vonstatten gehen.

Makruh: verpönte, verabscheuungswürdige Handlungen. Manche Rechtsgelehrte sind der Auffassung, dass das Verpönte dem Erlaubten nahe steht; andere wiederum meinen, dass das Verpönte eher dem Ver botenen zuzuordnen ist. So soll man z. B. bei der rituellen Waschung nicht überflüssig Wasser verschwenden. 7. Mufsid: alles, was eine einmal begonnene gottesdienstliche Hand lung ungültig macht (Lachen während des Gebetes oder Essen und Trinken während des Fastens). 8. Haram: Handlungen, die verboten sind; mit haram wird alles bezeichnet, was von Gott streng und eindeutig verboten wird.

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