By Ivo Hodek, A. Honek, Helmut F. van Emden

Ladybirds are most likely the simplest identified predators of aphids and coccids on the earth, although this significantly underestimates the variety in their biology. Maximising their influence on their prey is a crucial aspect in glossy conservation organic regulate of indigenous average enemies not like the classical method of liberating alien species.

Ivo Hodek is without doubt one of the so much the world over revered specialists on coccinellids who has researched those bugs for his complete occupation. He has now introduced jointly 14 scientists of foreign status to writer 12 chapters, making this booklet the definitive remedy of coccinellid biology and ecology.

This quantity covers the fast medical advancements of contemporary years within the realizing of coccinellid phylogeny, the semiochemicals influencing their behaviour and of molecular genetics. contemporary insights when it comes to intraguild predation and the evaluate of the predatory effect of coccinellids also are covered.

different distinctive beneficial properties of the quantity are the broad references protecting the literature from either East and West and a taxonomic word list of the updated nomenclature for species of coccinellids in addition to of alternative organisms pointed out within the text.

whereas geared toward researchers, college lecturers and agricultural entomologists, the ebook is readable and applicable for others who simply have a liking for those fascinating and tasty insects.

Chapter 1 Phylogeny and class (pages 1–12): Oldrich Nedved and Ivo Kovar
Chapter 2 Genetic reports (pages 13–53): John J. Sloggett and Alois Honek
Chapter three existence heritage and improvement (pages 54–109): Oldrich Nedved and Alois Honek
Chapter four Distribution and Habitats (pages 110–140): Alois Honek
Chapter five nutrients Relationships (pages 141–274): Ivo Hodek and Edward W. Evans
Chapter 6 Diapause/Dormancy (pages 275–342): Ivo Hodek
Chapter 7 Intraguild Interactions (pages 343–374): Eric Lucas
Chapter eight typical Enemies of Ladybird Beetles (pages 375–443): Piotr Ceryngier, Helen E. Roy and Remy L. Poland
Chapter nine Coccinellids and Semiochemicals (pages 444–464): Jan Pettersson
Chapter 10 Quantifying the effect of Coccinellids on their Prey (pages 465–487): J. P. Michaud and James D. Harwood
Chapter eleven Coccinellids in organic regulate (pages 488–519): J. P. Michaud
Chapter 12 fresh development and attainable destiny traits within the learn of Coccinellidae (pages 520–525): Helmut F. van Emden and Ivo Hodek

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Ecology and Behaviour of the Ladybird Beetles (Coccinellidae)

Ladybirds are most likely the easiest recognized predators of aphids and coccids on the planet, even though this enormously underestimates the variety in their biology. Maximising their influence on their prey is a vital aspect in glossy conservation organic regulate of indigenous typical enemies unlike the classical strategy of liberating alien species.

Additional info for Ecology and Behaviour of the Ladybird Beetles (Coccinellidae)

Example text

Salmon (Erisyphaceae) – apple powdery mildew Podosphaera tridactyla (Wallroth) de Bary (Erisyphaceae) – plum powdery mildew Puccinia Pers. Y. ) Miller (Pinaceae) – balsam fir Abutilon theophrasti Medikus (Malvaceae) – Chinese jute or Indian Mallow Acacia Miller (Fabaceae) Acalypha ostryaefolia Riddell (Euphorbiaceae) Aconitum L. (Ranunculaceae) Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K. Schum (Zingiberaceae) – grains of paradise or melegueta pepper Agropyron desertorum (Link) Schultes (Poaceae) – crested wheatgrass Alnus japonica (Thunberg) Steudel (Betulaceae) Amaranthus hybridus L.

Fabaceae) Glochidion ferdinandi (Müller Argiovensis) Bailey (Euphorbiaceae) Helianthus annuus L. (Asteraceae) – sunflower Hibiscus L. (Malvaceae) Juglans cinerea L. (Juglandaceae) – butternut Taxonomic glossary xxxvii Juniperus virginiana L. (Cupressaceae) – red cedar or Virginian pencil cedar Lapsana communis L. (Asteraceae) – nipplewort Leontopodium alpinum Cassini (Asteraceae) – edelweiss Leucaena Bentham (Fabaceae) Ligustrum L. (Oleaceae) Lolium multiflorum Lamarck (Poaceae) – Italian rye grass Lolium perenne L.

The exclusively Oriental tribe Aspidimerini remains relatively primitive in the degree of development of the eyes, male genitalia and also the spermatheca, as well as being completely pubescent. They have extremely short antenna and maxillary palpus. The Hyperaspidini have derived states in the above-mentioned characters, like loss of pubescence and usually bare genitalia. The body is not perfectly limuloid. The larvae have a wide body. The Brachiacanthini and Selvadiini have a combination of plesiomorphic and apomorphic states; both are restricted to the New World.

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