By W B Stephens
This concise examine covers the advance of schooling all through nice Britain from the commercial Revolution to the nice battle: a interval within which urbanization, industrialization and inhabitants progress posed large social and political difficulties, and schooling turned one of many fiercest components of clash in society.
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Extra resources for Education in Britain, 1750–1914
The daughters of unskilled agricultural labourers, however, often tended to have better rates than their brothers. Consequently in many places the 38 Education in Britain, 1750-1914 overall level of female literacy related to the male occu pational structure without necessarily corresponding to the male literacy level. 33 A small or closing gap between proportions of boys and girls at school so metimes indicated progress in female education, sometimes not. In Scotland in 1833-4, girls ' attendance in the highlands and north-east was only 50 per cent of bo ys' (when the national proportion was 70 per cent).
In the early nineteenth century the Benthamites and others pressed for a modern non-classical education for the middle classes and reform of the grammar schools to increase opportunities for it - but with limited success . The better-off middle- Secondary and Higher Education to the 1860s 45 class parents began increasingly to favour the social cachet of a classical curriculum. Free of restrictive statutes private schools proved more flexible than the grammar schools . They were more open to innovation, offered greater curricular breadth and were thus more successful in meeting the aspirations of the bulk of middle-class parents.
Of these, schools founded by Nathaniel Woodard and other schools known as 'county' schools were boarding establishments, usually Anglican in outlook, which provided a curriculum graded according to the social level of the parents, but mainly aimed at farmers' sons . A few of these (including, for example, Framlingham and West Buckland) eventually became Public schools. Others, catering mainly for the lower middle classes and, like many other private schools , offering a basically commercial education, included those established by groups ofAnglicans and by the Established Church in association with its teacher training colleges, and in a few place s secondary schools set up by mechanics' institutes.