By S. Ewen

The 1st full-length scholarly historical past of the British fireplace carrier, 1800-1978, this publication scrutinizes how firemen created a certified public provider incumbent upon municipal executive. It examines the effect of significant fires and prime personalities in the hearth provider in developing a certified ethos for municipal hearth brigades.

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Extra resources for Fighting Fires: Creating the British Fire Service, 1800-1978

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7 per cent. 43 Glasgow’s political infighting was an additional hindrance inasmuch as the existing powers to raise revenue through the ‘bucket money’ were insufficient. The ‘bucket money’ was also unsuitable for modern requirements, which depended on capital- and labour-intensive work. Finally, the constraints imposed on the Board’s jurisdiction by ancient burghal boundaries meant that those mill-owners and warehousemen who benefited from organized fire protection were doing so for free since they generally resided outside the bounds and were not subject to local taxation.

56 It started by advertising for ‘a clever, intelligent and active man’ as superintendent of fire-engines at a respectable salary of £100 with a rentfree house. Captain Charles Anthony, a naval officer, was appointed to the post and charged with the responsibility of creating a disciplined corps of firemen. New regulations were duly framed to mould obedient firemen: any man ‘being drunk, or refusing to obey the orders of Governing Fire Protection 27 the Superintendent for the time being, or otherwise misbehaving’ forfeited his allowances on the first offence, and was dismissed for a repeat offence.

Eight men were appointed to the position from among the ranks. Re-organization was, therefore, founded on a consensus that, in order to control the town’s fire regime, firemen needed to work together in a spirit of conciliation. 57 The consensual approach taken to Manchester’s municipal administration undoubtedly eased the transition to improve the standard of the town’s fire protection. Service charging for attending fires outside the town’s limits was introduced without any noticeable opposition in 1827.

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