By James D. Williams

An exhaustive consultant to all facets of the freshwater mussel fauna in Florida, Freshwater Mussels of Florida covers the ecology, biology, distribution, and conservation of the various species of bivalve mollusks within the Sunshine nation. some time past 3 a long time, researchers, the general public, companies that rely on natural world, and coverage makers have given extra realization to the threatened ordinary variety of the Southeast, together with freshwater mussels. This compendium meets the more and more pressing have to catalog this imperiled workforce of aquatic organisms within the United States.
 
Each access during this definitive consultant offers a close description and a number of depictions of the species in addition to opt for features of its gentle anatomy and miscellaneous notes of curiosity. person distribution maps pinpoint the historic and current prevalence of every bivalve species and are only one section of the wealthy set of 307 mussel and habitat images, seventy-four maps, and 13 tables that illustrate the publication. Of specific curiosity are extraordinary electron micrographs of glochidia, the really good larval lifestyles background degree parasitic upon fishes.
 
Freshwater Mussels of Florida might be of lasting price to kingdom and federal conservation firms in addition to different executive and nongovernment entities that deal with aquatic assets in Florida. The study presents a key baseline for destiny research of Florida mussels. The survey ends up in this advisor, in addition to broad stories of old mussel collections in average background museums, supply an entire photograph of the Florida mussel fauna, previous and present. 

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2004). Robert Stuart Butler (1954—) arrived in Kissimmee, Florida, in September 1986, to take a position with the Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission (currently FWC), Lake Restoration Section. Although Butler’s position involved management of fisheries resources in the Kissimmee Chain of Lakes in central Florida, he quickly developed an interest in Florida mussels. Over the next several years, he made numerous collections throughout the state (depositing specimens in the FLMNH) and published a paper on new drainage records for Florida panhandle mussels (Butler 1990).

The increasing quantities being withdrawn for 4 Introduction agricultural and municipal uses will ultimately result in reduced flows for some stream channels and complete dewatering of others (Golliday et al. 2004; Torak et al. 2010; Peterson et al. 2011; Rugel et al. 2011). Captive propagation techniques are being developed that may result in production of large numbers of juvenile mussels for augmentation and reintroduction, but this alone will not succeed without habitat restoration and minimum flow requirements that protect and sustain mussel populations.

6 million years with cycles characterized by extremely low sea level stands during glacial maxima and high sea level stands during interglacial periods. During glacial cycles the peninsular region of Florida varied in width, but as recently as 18,000 years ago it was approximately twice its current width. Concurrent with this huge increase in land area was the development of large rivers draining the exposed landscape that extended considerable distances onto the Gulf of Mexico continental shelf.

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