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Terrestrial, diurnal, and partly nocturnal. Migrates at night. Territorial when breeding. FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET Red-chested buttonquail Turnix pyrrhothorax TAXONOMY Hemipodius pyrrhothorax Gould, 1841, Aberdeen, New South Wales. Closely related to Worcester’s and Sumba buttonquails (T. worcesteri and T. everetti, respectively), which may be subspecies. Australian little buttonquail T. velox also related to this species group. OTHER COMMON NAMES English: Chestnut-breasted, red-breasted, rufous-breasted, or yellow buttonquail; French: Turnix à poitrine rousse; German: Rotbrust-Laufhühnchen; Spanish: Torillo Pechirrufo.

Many species use freshwater wetlands in their summer breeding areas, but may use saltwater coastal marshes in their wintering ranges. Two species of cranes predominantly inhabit grasslands. 24 Cranes are well known for their trumpet-like calls. Aldo Leopold said it best, “When we hear his voice we hear no mere bird. He is the trumpet in the orchestra of evolution. The sadness discernable in some wetlands stems from their once having harbored cranes. ” Within the Gruidae, there is an evolutionary progression from the simpler displays in the ancient crowned cranes through a progression of “middle species” to the most elaborate displays in Siberian and red-crowned cranes.

Johnsgard, P. A. Bustards, Hemipodes, and Sandgrouse. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. , and P. J. Higgins, eds. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds. Vol. 2, Raptors to Lapwings. Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press, 1993. Periodicals Baker-Gabb, D. ” Birds Australia Conservation Statement no. 1. Supplement to Wingspan (Australia) 8, no. 1 (1998). Crouther, M. , and K. W. Crouther. ” Corella 23 (1999): 43–47. Emmerson, S. ” Australian Bird Watcher 18 (1999): 45.

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