By Franz M (Editor), and Ayala, Francisco J (Editor) Wuketits
This two-volume instruction manual is exclusive in spanning the full box of evolution, from the origins of existence as much as the formation of social constructions and technological know-how and know-how. the writer group of world-renowned specialists considers the topic from numerous disciplines, with non-stop cross-referencing so one can preserve a logical inner constitution. The uniformly based contributions talk about no longer purely the overall wisdom in the back of the evolution of existence, but in addition the corresponding improvement of language, society, economies, morality and politics. the result's an summary of the background and techniques utilized in the research of evolution, together with debatable theories and discussions. A needs to for researchers within the normal sciences, sociology and philosophy, in addition to for these drawn to an interdisciplinary view of the prestige of evolution at the present time.
Chapter 1 The Evolution of Organisms: A Synopsis (pages 1–26): Francisco J. Ayala
Chapter 2 The Evolution Controversies: an outline (pages 27–46): Michael Ruse
Chapter three the results of advanced Social existence on Evolution and Biodiversity (pages 47–56): Edward O. Wilson
Chapter four the idea of organic Evolution: ancient and Philosophical facets (pages 57–85): Franz M. Wuketits
Chapter five Evolutionary Developmental Biology (pages 87–115): Gerd B. Muller
Chapter 6 Human organic Evolution (pages 117–222): Winfried Henke
Chapter 7 Evolution on a stressed Planet: have been Environmental Variability and Environmental switch significant Drivers of Human Evolution? (pages 223–242): Peter J. Richerson, Robert L. Bettinger and Robert Boyd
Chapter eight The Human effect (pages 243–272): Bernhard Verbeek
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Extra info for Handbook of Evolution: The Evolution of Living Systems (including Hominids), Volume 2
25 26 1 The Evolution of Organisms: A Synopsis Over fairly long periods of time, a stochastic clock is quite accurate. The enormous potential of the molecular evolutionary clock lies in the fact that each gene or protein is a separate clock. Each clock ‘ticks’ at a different rate – the rate of evolution characteristic of a particular gene or protein, but each of the thousands and thousands of genes or proteins provides an independent measure of the same evolutionary events. Evolutionists have found that the amount of variation observed in the evolution of DNA and proteins is greater than is expected from a stochastic clock; in other words, the clock is inaccurate.
All agree that, although Darwin was crucially important, his ideas were not picked up after the publication of the Origin in the 1860s. It was indeed not until the 1920s and 1930s that people became truly Darwinian and the modern theory of evolution was developed. All agree that between Darwin and the 1930s a great deal of non-Darwinian biology was done, which drew heavily on German morphology and other roots. The question is Where does one go from here? Does one want to argue as does Bowler that this intermediary science was good quality science albeit non-Darwinian, and that it led in an important way to the modern theory of evolution?
Moreover, the motives of the human sociobiologist are often based more in ideology than in anything to be found in the empirical world. However, there does seem to be an area where (over the last 25 years) there have been significant scientific advances. Now, even if the battle is not finished, it is at least dying out. During the past quarter century, fundamental advances have been made by molecular biologists and others in understanding the nature of the human genetic blueprint (the genome). We now do know beyond reasonable doubt that much of our behavior is rooted in our biology.