By Dietland Müller-Schwarze

Hands-On Chemical Ecology: basic box and Laboratory workouts, a most efficient choice of functional workouts in chemical ecology, deals instruments and methods for knowing this younger technology. The workouts incorporated use basic rules and stick to an easy constitution. subject matters tested comprise birds, fish, bugs, mammals, and plant chemistry between others. also, routines require available fabrics, making sure that every might be simply converted and accomplished at any place on this planet with in the community latest tools. this article will be of price to undergraduate and graduates scholars and highschool biology teachers.

About the Author:

Professor Dietland Müller-Schwarze has released Chemical Ecology of Vertebrates (Cambridge collage Press 2006), co-edited 10 volumes of "Chemical indications in Vertebrates" (Plenum Press), and written approximately two hundred learn papers within the box of chemical ecology. For numerous years, he has taught "Introduction to Chemical Ecology," an undergraduate path, and "Chemical Ecology of Vertebrates," a graduate direction, on the country collage of latest York’s university of Environmental technological know-how and Forestry. Dr. Müller-Schwarze has additionally been a member of the Editorial Board of the magazine of Chemical Ecology for 27 years.

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Extra resources for Hands-On Chemical Ecology: Simple Field and Laboratory Exercises

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Can J Zool 68:660–666 Müller-Schwarze D (1972) Responses of young black-tailed deer to predator odors. J Mammalogy 53:393–394 Nolte DL, Mason JR, Epple G, Aronov E, Campbell DL (1994) Why are predator urines aversive to prey? J Chem Ecol 20:1505–1516 Sullivan TP, Crump DR, Sullivan DS (1988) Use of predator odors as repellents to reduce feeding damage by herbivores. III. Montane and meadow voles (Microtus montanus and Microtus pennsylvanicus). J Chem Ecol 14:363–377ResultsResponses of Small Mammals to Predator Odors in the Field4 Responses of Small Mammals to Predator Odors in the Field Chapter 5 Squirrels’ Avoidance of Predator Odors Repellent test for squirrels: (a) setup of grid of acorns near trees that provide refuge for the squirrels; (b) squirrels approaches for another acorn; and (c) consumption of an acorn.

D) Circular arrangement of acorns D. 1007/978-1-4419-0378-5_5, © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009 25 26 5 Squirrels’ Avoidance of Predator Odors Introduction This second experiment with predator odors deals with day-active mammals whose behavior can be observed directly and readily. Small mammals such as squirrels are prey to many predatory birds and mammals. Vigilance vis-à-vis predators encompass all major senses: smell, vision, and hearing. In the chemical sphere, predators leave signals from scent marks, droppings, and urine in the environment.

Cut filter paper so it fits on the bottom of live trap. Place into the trap. 12 ml of scent solution on the filter paper. Bait the trap with one-half teaspoon of oatmeal or ten sunflower seeds. Also place a wad of cotton into trap. The animals can use this for a token nest to avoid hypothermia while above ground during cool and/or wet nights. Results 23 Use four treatments: predator odor, herbivore odor, solvent (alcohol) only, and untreated traps. Each treatment will be replicated with 25 traps.

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