By John Renard

With greater than 3,000 entries and cross-references at the historical past, major figures, associations, conception, and literary works linked to Islam's mystical culture, Sufism, this dictionary brings jointly in a single quantity vast historic details that is helping placed modern occasions right into a old context. extra positive aspects comprise: _

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Ammad Ha¯ shim, sober mystic who attacked Sufis who defended the emotional side of religion, such as dancing in Makli Hill’s cemeteries. 1762/1175–6 Sha¯ h Walı¯ Alla¯ h of Delhı¯, Indian scholar and reformer, translated Qur’a¯ n into Persian, member of both Naqshbandı¯ and Qa¯ dirı¯. 1766/1180 Ma Laichi, major Chinese Naqshbandı¯ leader. 1767/1181 Bulhe Sha¯ h, greatest Panja¯ bı¯ Sufi poet. 1778/1192 ‘Abd ar-Rahı¯m Girhori, Suhrawardı¯ mystic and missionary. har Ja¯ n-i Jana¯ n, Mujaddidı¯ Naqshbandı¯, militant adversary of Indian Shı¯‘a.

Many important institutional developments would have been impossible without the extensive funding made available to Sufi organizations through both royal and middle-class patronage. Records of such bequests are preserved in waqf (pl. awqa¯f), documents drawn up by wealthy donors that provide invaluable information about the structure and day-to-day operations of many Sufi-related institutions. They tell us, for example, what types of facilities were designed for Sufi orders and their administrations within larger royal architectural complexes; what kinds of activities were prescribed for the Sufis in a given institution; and what material resources, such as food and clothing, were designated for the institution’s Sufis.

1200/596–7 Ibn al-Jawzı¯, theologian known for his cautious views and reservations about Sufism. 1204/601 Fourth Crusade, Latin armies sack Constantinople. Maimonides, great rabbi and theologian of Cordoba. 1206/602–1296/696 Slave dynasty of Delhi among early political regimes establishing Muslim power in northern India. b ad-Dı¯n Aybek of Delhi, patron of a Sufi shrine in Ajmer. a¯mı¯ Ganjawı¯, A for his mystical didactic anthology The Quintet (Khamsa). 1209/605–6 tical love. a¯hir, Ayyu¯bid ruler, patron of Sufis and scholars.

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