By Peter A. Corning

In fresh years, evolutionary theorists have come to acknowledge that the reductionist, individualist, gene-centered method of evolution can't sufficiently account for the emergence of advanced organic platforms over the years. Peter A. Corning has been on the vanguard of a brand new iteration of complexity theorists who've been operating to reshape the principles of evolutionary concept. popular for his Synergism Hypothesis—a thought of complexity in evolution that assigns a key causal position to varied sorts of practical synergy—Corning places this thought right into a a lot broader framework in [img]Holistic Darwinism[/img], addressing the various concerns and ideas linked to the evolution of advanced platforms. Corning's paradigm embraces and integrates many comparable theoretical advancements of contemporary years, from multilevel choice thought to area of interest development conception, gene-culture coevolution thought, and theories of self-organization. supplying new ways to thermodynamics, details conception, and fiscal research, Corning indicates how all of those domain names may be introduced firmly inside of what he characterizes as a post–neo-Darwinian evolutionary synthesis.

Reviews:

"This is a very bold and critical publication that proposes to alter the way in which so much people have considered 'Darwinism' and evolutionary strategies. Corning achieves this objective in lots of methods, yet such a lot successfully via integrating either his personal various paintings lately and quotation of almost all people who has performed an enormous function in scholarly discussion on evolutionary biology and behaviour during the last generation." - Roger D. Masters. Dartmouth College"

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Oldroyd and others (Oldroyd et al. 1992a, 1992b) also studied the genetics of honeybee colonies and concluded that colony performance was also influenced by the interactions among subfamilies, a colony-level parameter. ” And Guzmán-Novoa and others (1994) reported on a study that focused on the relationship between colony-level natural selection and the level of effort associated with various components of the division of labor in honeybee colonies (see also Calderone and Page 1992). An older study by Hoogland and Sherman (1976) examined in detail the influence of six possible disadvantages and three potential advantages of 32 Chapter Two • • • colonial nesting in 54 colonies of the bank swallow (Riparia), ranging in size from 2 to 451 members.

For various reasons, the evolution of humankind has often been portrayed as a process that is sui generis. Of course, this overlooks the fact that all of evolution can be said to be sui generis, given its historical and situation-specific causal dynamics. As Darwin himself put it in The Descent of Man (1874), any evolutionary innovation depends upon many “concurrent favorable developments” that are always “tentative” (p. 150). Nevertheless, the evolution of humankind is undeniably one of the more remarkable episodes in evolutionary history.

2003; Gintis et al. ) As Clutton-Brock and Parker point out in the summary of their review article on the subject, “In social animals, retaliatory aggression is common. Individuals often punish other group members that infringe their 30 Chapter Two interests, and punishments can cause subordinates to desist from behaviour likely to reduce the fitness of dominant animals. Punishing strategies are used to establish and maintain dominance relationships, to discourage parasites and cheats, to discipline offspring or prospective sexual partners and to maintain cooperative behaviour” (1995, p.

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