By William C. Chittick

The significance of Muhyi al-Din Ibn al-Arabi (1165-1240) for Islamic mysticism lies within the undeniable fact that he was once a speculative philosopher of the top order, albeit diffuse and tough to appreciate. His important doctrine is the solidarity of all life. during this textual content, William Chittick explores how, throughout the paintings of Ibn Al-Arabi, Sufism strikes clear of anguished and ascetic searchings of the guts and moral sense and turns into a question of speculative philsophy and theosophy.

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15:28–29) 3. And they are asking you about the spirit. ” (7:85) 4. So she [Mary] veiled herself apart from them. Then We sent to her Our spirit, so he appeared to her in the image of a well-shaped human being. (19:17) 5. Next He rightly shaped him [Adam] and He breathed into him from His spirit, and He placed for you all hearing and eyes and hearts— how little thankful you all are! (32:9) 6. When your Lord said to the angels: “Verily I am creating a humananimal (bashar) from clay. ” (38:71–72) 7.

Fifth Argument [from the contingency of all things in relation to the Eternal]: This is based on the situation of the eternity or contingency15 of things. For everything that we can conceive must be either eternal (from the very beginning), or else contingent (coming into existence in time). Now we can visibly see and realize that all external (physical) and mental existents have been, are, and will be contingent. That is expressed in the following (classical examples) of the lesser and greater premises of a first-form syllogism in logic: The world is subject to change.

Such things include the orbits of the planets; the motions of the stars, both fixed or changing; the shapes, colors, well-ordered bodily frames, structures, and dimensions of both animate and inanimate creatures; and so on. 2. An “irregular natural” existent is the contrary of a regularly ordered natural one. Such things include the relative height or lowness of the earth and its hills, the surging of springs and the flowing course of rivers, the uninhabited deserts and seashores, wild plants in the desert, trees in the forests, and so on.

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