By Amirul Hadi
This examine appears to be like on the Islamic personality of the Acehnese nation within the 17th century. It examines not just its Islamic associations but in addition its political tradition and rules in the direction of Islam. The dialogue starts with a historic caricature of the increase of Aceh within the 16th century, via an research of the ruler and authority, the royal enclosure, Islamic spiritual ceremonies and the Islamic associations of the kingdom. The paintings concludes with a short comparability of Aceh with different Islamic states within the area, specifically Melaka and Mataram, wherein it's proven that the Islamic nature of the Acehnese country used to be extra mentioned. This research is of specific curiosity to students and scholars of Islam, historical past, anthropology and political technology.
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Additional info for Islam and State in Sumatra: A Study of Seventeenth-Century Aceh (Islamic History and Civilization)
46. 112 Boxer, “Portuguese Reactions,” p. 416. 113 Ibid. 116 Aceh’s prominent commercial role in both the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea meant that it had become a serious threat to the Portuguese, who had themselves come to control the Red Sea. 118 It was natural, therefore, for Aceh to forge an alliance with the Ottoman Empire, in its time the strongest Muslim state as well as master of the Red Sea. Aceh beneﬁted economically from its control over the west coast of Sumatra. ”121 From the point at which the presence of Islam may be detected in the region (by the end of the thirteenth century), it played a signiﬁcant role in Acehnese society.
97 Nonetheless, examples of mutual aid between Aceh and other Muslim kingdoms can be cited. 99 Nevertheless, 94 It was this sul†àn of Barus who helped Aceh in the expedition against Aru in 1539. Later, he married the sister of Sul†àn 'Alà" al-Dìn Ri'àyat Shàh. See J. Kathirithamby-Wells, “Achehnese Control Over West Sumatra up to the Treaty of Painam,” JSEAH 10, 3 (1969), p. 457. 95 Ibid. , p. 458. We possess neither detailed information regarding Acehnese administration over Pariaman, nor information on its economic activities in the region.
57 Djajadiningrat, “Critisch overzicht,” p. 152; Iskandar, De Hikajat Atjeh, p. 41. 58 The earliest contact between Pidie and the Portuguese may have been when, on his way to Melaka in 1509, Diogo Lopez de Sequiere anchored at Pidie. In this kingdom he was received with hospitality by the ruler who proposed an alliance with the Portuguese. The same treatment was also aﬀorded him in Pasai. Indeed, from the early visits of the Portuguese, Pidie made friendly overtures. Pasai-Portuguese relations, however, were unstable, in the sense that their cordial relations were frequently interrupted by military incidents.