By E. J. Van Donzel
This one-volume paintings includes a precis of the subject-matter of "The Encyclopaedia of Islam". it may function a short reference device for these drawn to the faith, the believers and the nations of the Islamic international. All entries are given in English: hence, names of Arabic foundation which within the West have been corrupted to a different spelling, comparable to Ibn Sina to Avicenna, al-Kuhl to alcohol, are chanced on below the latter time period.
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Extra resources for Islamic Desk Reference: Compiled from the Encyclopaedia of Islam
Ahmad al-Badawi: the most popular saint of the Muslims in Egypt, venerated at Tanta; 11991276. Ahmad Bey: bey of Tunis; r. 18371855. 2009 12:57:41 next page > page_22 < previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 which was supported by Britain, and sought the aid of France. In 1846 he abolished slavery. Ahmad b. Hanbal: famous theologian, jurist, transmitter of traditions and founder of the Hanbali school of law; 780855. His most celebrated work is a collection of traditions, known as Musnad. Ahmad al-Hiba: religious leader of southern Morocco, and ephemeral pretender to the Sharifian throne; 18761919.
His poetry is full of social satire, attacks on corruption, and of nostalgia for Persia's great past. Aristotle (A. Aristu*(talis*)): the writings of the Greek philosopher, with a very few exceptions, became known to the Arabs in translation. Most Arabic philosophers regard him as the outstanding and unique representative of philosophy. Averroes (A. Ibn Rushd) calls him "the example of what nature invented to show final human perfection". Armenia (A. Arminiya*): landlocked region south of the Caucasus, southeast of the Black Sea and southwest of the Caspian Sea.
From the beginning of the Islamic conquest of North Africa until Turkish times, the future Algeria was part of what the Arab writers called Central Maghrib and Ifriqiya*. Algeria is almost entirely Muslim, following mainly the Malikite school of law. The national language is Arabic, but Berber is still spoken by an important minority. Algeria became independent in 1962, after 130 years of French occupation. In December 1991, the Front Islamique du Salut won a majority of the vote in the first round of the elections.