By Murray G. H. Pittock (auth.)
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Extra resources for Jacobitism
The Jacobite victory at Bantry Bay on 1 May no doubt also played its part. 39 By the end of June, Viscount Dundee had eight battalions and two companies, virtually all Highlanders: almost thirty clans were eventually to lend his forces support, though mostly only a modest proportion of their total military strength. 40 The government price on the renegade general's head grew from 18 000 merks (£ 1000 sterling) to 20 times that sum (compare the £100000 offered for James VIII and III in 1715 and £30000 for Charles Edward 30 years later).
53 Mackintosh had been detached from Mar's main force early in October to strike at Edinburgh and split the Duke of Argyll's government army, a move which failed as much as anything because Mar declined to attack the weakened portion remaining at Stirling, even though he outnumbered it six to one. General Gordon was likewise despatched on a fruitless mission to Argyllshire. Mar was more interested in diluting his army's effectiveness than using it. 54 As the Duke of Argyll wrote, 'if the 44 Jacobitism enemy think fit to act with vigour that men of common sense would, in their circumstances, the handful of troops now in Scotland may be beat out of the country'.
118 There was already seething discontent in Scotland. Glasgow was the only short-term beneficiary of Union following the expansion in colonial trade: elsewhere, 'by 1712 it appeared that Scotland had become a victim of exploitation by English traders whose merchandise was permitted to invade the north at cheap prices to the prejudice of the Scottish market'. Episcopal toleration in that year stoked a nationalist upsurge: when it was proposed in 1713 to implement the Malt Tax in Scotland in perceived defiance of the Treaty of Union, no less a peer than Argyll, in company with the Earl of Mar, Secretary of State for Scotland, presented a petition to the Queen to dissolve it, and a motion failed in Parliament by a handful of votes.