By Keiichi Takahashi (auth.), Hiroya Kawanabe, Machiko Nishino, Masayoshi Maehata (eds.)
This ebook makes a speciality of the long term interactions among humans and nature in and round Lake Biwa, one of many oldest lakes on the earth. for that reason, it not just covers the features of the biota of this historical lake, but in addition methods it as a ‘cultural historic lake.’
Furthermore, numerous difficulties affecting the lake, specifically fresh environmental alterations that happened prior to and after Japan’s fast fiscal development of the Fifties and 60s, are reviewed, together with water toxins, lakeshore improvement and the reclamation of connected lakes, alien and invasive species, and difficulties relating to the hot warming of the weather.
Lastly, by means of reading facts on those difficulties amassed by way of the neighborhood govt and citizens of the lake basin, the ebook offers a complete outlook at the way forward for Lake Biwa and people’s existence. As such, it presents critical info for every body engaged in enhancing and holding water regimes around the globe, in addition to humans attracted to the tradition and heritage of Japan.
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Extra resources for Lake Biwa: Interactions between Nature and People
Geological History of Lake Biwa Research on one fossil lowland forest has demonstrated instability due to short-interval ﬂoods, whereas the surrounding environment, a forest of Metasequoia, was stable (Yamakawa et al. 2008). Sediment deposition started in the southern area of the present Lake Biwa in this period. Geographical features in the present lake area included the development of valleys with a north–south orientation (Uemura and Taishi 1990), which already at this time started to be ﬁlled in from the south (Masuda et al.
Nishino) Lake Biwa is a paradise for waterfowl. In winter, various waterfowl, firstly many kind of duck coming from northern countries, are obsererved. See Topic 25 (photo by M. Maehata) 1 Geological History and Transition of the Biota of Lake Biwa Keiichi Takahashi The Lake Biwa area is one of the most active Cenozoic tectonic regions of the Japanese islands. District-wide geological structures and a large depressional basin are recognized in this area. The formation and development of the lake were controlled by fault movements that occurred through the Pliocene and Pleistocene epochs of the Cenozoic era.
On the other hand, the Miocene cyprinid fauna in China, represented by the Shanwang Fauna from Shandong Province, contains cyprinines (extant Cyprinus and extinct Lucyprinus, Qicyprinus, and Platycyprinus), danionines (extinct Miheilichthys), gobionines (extant Gnathopogon), and leuciscines (extinct Plesioleuciscus) (Zhou 1990). Among these, only Cyprinus and Lucyprinus among cyprinines were common in both regions. In China, cultrines never found, and xenocypridines were very meager during the Miocene.