By WOLFGANG HABERLAND
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Extra resources for North America
T he Co ast Salish-Chinook group aded tribe the_ joining the Wakash group to the south includes a number of smaller units besides the two eponymous tribes. The core of the southernmost group, in north-west California, is composed of the Karok, Yurok together with the Bella Coola, — and Hupa on the lower Klamath; various group. The central idea of this theory is lesser tribes complete this that the Northwest Coast dominated by a maritime culture that was very similar to that of the Eskimos with which it shared a common background.
Firs t and foremost is thedichotom y between _t he_coastal and inland tribes, a dichotomy already clearly recognizable in the archaeological material, for example in the Western Thule phase of the sites on Kotzebue Sound. Here jade objects, flint from the mountains of the Brooks Range, Tupilak figure of painted wood. The mixture of human and animal features is well represented in the figure, which embodies and radiates evil. Angmagssalik Eskimo, Greenland. Length 12 cm. Nationalmuseet, Copenhagen.
Candlefish oil was extracted and stored in watertight wooden chests. Only with the aid of techniques such as these could a sedentary culture grow up. The Indians' diet was supplemented by mussels, which the women collected, and by sea mammals. While men of all tribes hunted seals, sea-lions and dolphins with harpoons, only the Nootka on Vancouver Island engaged in whaling. In the latter pursuit the equipment, magical practices and many techniques resemble those of the Eskimos so much that they can be regarded as evidence of common origin.